All Cardiovascular Drugs Mnemonics - OnePharmily OnePharmily: All Cardiovascular Drugs Mnemonics
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Thursday, 8 November 2018

All Cardiovascular Drugs Mnemonics

all cardiovascular drugs mnemonics

ACEIcontraindictions
PARK:
  • Pregnancy
  • Allergy
  • Renal artery stenosis
  • increase (hyperkalemia)

Amiodaroneaction, side effects
6 P's:
  • Prolongs action potential duration
  • Photosensitivity
  • Pigmentation of skin
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Pulmonary alveolitis and fibrosis
  • Peripheral inhibition of the conversion of T4 to T3 -> hypothyroidism

Antiarrhythmicsclass III members
BIAS:
  • Bretylium
  • Ibutilide
  • Amiodarone
  • Sotalol
Antiarrhythmicsclassification I to IV
MBA College
  *In order of class I to IV:
  • Membrane stabilizers (class I)
  • Beta blockers
  • Action potential widening agents
  • Calcium channel blockers
Captopril (an ACE inhibitor): side effects
CAPTOPRIL:
  • Cough
  • Angioedema/ Agranulocystosis
  • Proteinuria/ Potassium excess
  • Taste changes
  • Orthostatic hypotension
  • Pregnancy contraindication/ Pancreatitis/ Pressure drop (first dose hypertension)
  • Renal failure (and renal artery stenosis contraindication)/ Rash
  • Indomethacin inhibition
  • Leukopenia/ Liver toxicity


Ca++ channel blockers: uses
CA++ MASH:
  • Cerebral vasospasm/ CHF
  • Angina
  • Migranes
  • Atrial flutter, fibrillation
  • Supraventricular tachycardia
  • Hypertension
  *Alternatively: "CHASM":

  • Cererbral vasospasm / CHF
  • Hypertension
  • Angina
  • Suprventricular tachyarrhythmia
  • Migranes

Diuretics: thiazides indications
"CHIC to use thiazides":
  • CHF
  • Hypertension
  • Insipidous
  • Calcium calculi
Gynaecomastiacausing drugs
DISCOS:
  • Digoxin
  • Isoniazid
  • Spironolactone
  • Cimetidine
  • Oestrogens
  • Stilboestrol


Hypertensiontreatment
ABCD:
  • ACE inhibitors/ AngII antagonists (sometimes Alpha agonists also)
  • Beta blockers
  • Calcium antagonists
  • Diuretics

K+ increasing agents
K-BANK:
  • K-sparing diuretic
  • Beta blocker
  • ACEI
  • NSAID
  • supplement

LIDOCAINE (Antiarrythmic drug) Characters
LIDOCAINE
  • Local anesthetic
  • ICU popular antiarrythmic
  • Digitalis Toxicity (helpful)
  • Orally Inactive
  • Cimetidine+ Propanolol
  • Automaticity reduction
  • Inactivate Sodium Channels
  • Nystagmus
  • ECG changes & Eye effects (blurring of vision)


Methyldopaside effects
METHYLDOPA:
  • Mental retardation
  • Electrolyte imbalance
  • Tolerance
  • Headache/ Hepatotoxicity
  • psYcological upset
  • Lactation in female
  • Dry mouth
  • Oedema
  • Parkinsonism
  • Anaemia (haemolytic)

Osmotic diuretics: members
GUM:
  • Glycerol
  • Urea
  • Mannitol
Patent ductus arteriosus: treatment
"Come In and Close the door":
  • INdomethacin is used to Close PDA.

Supraventricular Tachycardia: Treatment
ABCDE
  • Adenosine
  • Beta Blockers
  • Calcium Channel blockers
  • Digoxin
  • Excitation (Vagal Stimulation)

Teratogenic drugs
"With TERATOgenic drugs":
  • Warfarin
  • Thalidomide
  • Epileptic drugs: phenytoin, valproate, carbamazepine
  • Retinoid
  • ACE inhibitor
  • Third element: lithium
  • OCP and other hormones (eg danazol)

Thrombolytic agents
USA:
  • Urokinase
  • Streptokinase
  • Alteplase (tPA)
Torsades de Pointesdrugs causing
CHEAP Amiodarone
  • Cisapride
  • Haloperidol
  • Eritromycin
  • Arsenium
  • Procainamide
  • Amiodarone

Warfarinaction, monitoring
WePT:
  • Warfarin works on the extrinsic pathway and is usually monitored by PT.

Warfarin metabolism
SLOW:
  *Has a slow onset of action.
  *A quicVitamin antagonist, though.
  • Small lipid-soluble molecule
  • Liver: site of action
  • Oral route of administration.
  • Warfarin





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