All Mnemonics for Anti microbial drugs - OnePharmily OnePharmily: All Mnemonics for Anti microbial drugs
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Sunday, 21 October 2018

All Mnemonics for Anti microbial drugs

All Mnemonics for anti microbial drugs



ANTI MICROBIAL MNEMONICS


1. Aminoglycosides: Charasteristics (some)

AMINO
  • Active Against Aerobic gram negative Organisms
  • Mechanism Of resistance is by Modifying enzymes
  • Inhibit synthesis of protein through binding to 30s ribosomal subunit
  • Nephrotoxic
  • Ototoxic


2.Aminoglycosides: Members

STANG
  • Streptomycin
  • Tobramycin
  • Amikacin
  • Neomycin
  • Gentamycin

3. Aminoglycosides: Side Effects

PONS
  • Paralysis
  • Ototoxicity
  • Nephrotoxicity
  • Skin Rash


Read also: All Mnemonics for anti inflammatory drugs

4. Amphoteracin: Side Effects (Toxicity )

AMPHET
  • Anemia
  • Muscles Spasm
  • Phlebitis
  • Headaches/Hypotension/Hypokalemia
  • Emesis, Encephalopathy
  • Thrombocytopenia

5.Antibiotics:contraindicated during pregnancy

MCAT:
  • Metronidazole
  • Chloramphenicol
  • Aminoglycoside
  • Tetracycline

6. Cephalosporins: CALM against these Organisms

CALM
  • Clostridium
  • Active Enterococci
  • Listeria Monocytogenes
  • MRSA (Methicillin Resistant Staph)

7. Chloramphenicol: Adverse Effects

Some BIG Hens
  • Superinfections
  • Bone marrow Depression
  • Irritative Effects
  • Gray baby syndrome
  • Hypersensitivity reactions

8. Disulfiram-like reaction inducing drugs

"PM PMT" as in Pre Medical Test in the PM:
  • Procarbazine
  • Metronidazole
  • Cefo (Perazone, Mandole, Tetan).

9. Marcolides: Adverse Effects

JOG
  • Jaundice
  • Ototoxicity
  • GI disturbance

10. Marcolides/Ketolides: Members

TECA
  • Talithromycin
  • Erythromycin
  • Clarithromycin
  • Azithromycin

11. Metronidazole: Spectrum Action

ABCDEFGH & ST
  • Amoebiasis
  • Bacteroides
  • Clostridium Perfringes
  • Pseudomembranous Enterocolitis
  • Fusobacterium
  • Giardiasis
  • Helicobacter Pylori
  • Anaerobic Strep.
  • Trichomonas Vaginalis


Read also: Mnemonics for Protein synthesis Inhibitors 

12. Nitrofurantoin: major side effects

NitroFurAntoin:
  • Neuropathy (peripheral neuropathy)
  • Fibrosis (pulmonary fibrosis)
  • Anemia (hemolytic anemia)


13. Quinolones and Fluoroquinolones: mechanism

"Topple the Queen":
  • Quinolone interferes with Topoisomerase II.

14. Sulfonamide:Common Characteristics

SULFA
  • Steven-Johnson Syndrome/Skin Rash / Solubility Is low
  • Urine Precipitation/ Use in Urinary Tract Infections
  • Large Spectrum (Gram + & Gram -)
  • Folic acid synthesis Inhibitor/blocker
  • Analogue of PABA

15. Sulfonamide: major side effects

      4s
  • Steven-Johnson syndrome
  • Skin rash
  • Solubility low (causes crystalluria)
  • Serum albumin displacement. 

16. TB: antibiotics used

STRIPE:
  • STreptomycin
  • Rifampicin
  • Isoniazid
  • Pyrizinamide
  • Ethambutol

17. Tetracycline: Adverse Effects

People Like Going for Versatile Trips
  • Phototoxicity
  • Liver Failure
  • GI disturbances
  • Vertigo
  • Teeth & Bone toxicity/ Teratogenesis


18. Tetracycline: teratogenicity

  • TEtracycline is a
TEratogen that causes staining of
TEeth in the newborn.


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