Facts About Polio And World Polio Day - OnePharmily OnePharmily: Facts About Polio And World Polio Day
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Thursday, 25 October 2018

Facts About Polio And World Polio Day

Fact 1: Poliomyelitis or commonly called polio is a highly infectious viral disease. Children are more at risk of contacting the illness.

Fact 2: To be precise, there is no cure only vaccines which are safe and effective.

Fact 3: Major way of polio prevention is through immunization. Polio vaccine that is administered multiple times can protect a child for life.

Fact 4: It is transmitted mostly from one person to another mainly through the faecal-oral route or, less frequently, by a common contaminated water or food. the virus then grow and multiplies in the intestine, from then it can affect the nervous system and lead to paralysis.

Fact 5: Initial symptoms of polio include headache, pain in the limbs, fever, vomiting, stiffness in the neck and fatigue.

Fact 6: World Polio Day was established by Rotary International over ten ago to commemorate the birth of Jonas Salk. He was the one who led the first team to develop a vaccine against poliomyelitis.

Fact 7: Use of this inactivated poliovirus vaccine and subsequent widespread use of the oral poliovirus, developed by Albert Sabin, led to the establishment of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) in 1988. 

Fact 8:  As of 2013, GPEI had reduced polio worldwide by 99%.

Read also: World Polio Day: What Nigeria needs to do to eradicate scourge – WHO

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